Location: Kecskemét, Nyíri út 38.
Architect: MAROSI Miklós
Associate architects: ÁCS István, SEBŐ István, PERNESZ Ágnes, RABIE Anisz
Interior designer: KERECSÉNYI Zsuzsa
Landscape designer: HAVASSY Gabriella
The Bács-Kiskun County Government’s Hospital complex on Nyíri Road was completed in December 1980, but some departments of the hospital remained at the older Izsáki Road site, which was unsuitable for extensions. For the past 35 years, the hospital site on Nyíri Road has been continuously extended with new functions, such as the buildings of the county’s central ambulance station, the financial department of the hospital, warehouses and garage buildings, the county’s new specialists clinic, the dyalisis centre, the oncoradiology centre, as well as the dermatology and venereology centre.
Within the framework of the Pole Program of the National Development Plan, the Bács-Kiskun County Government applied for subsidies offered by the National Development Plan II and intended to relocate the functions of the Izsáki Road site to the Nyíri Road hospital block in order to establish the new Kecskemét Health Centre as an efficient health care model in Bács-Kiskun County. This centralization – not incidentally – offered another advantage: the Izsáki Road site, without the hospital functions, could be sold by the local government for other purposes. HUF 11.5 billion has been invested into the extensions and the new buildings, as well as in the modernization of the existing buildings. As a result, departments which had worked under unworthy conditions could be relocated to new premises, meeting the requirements of our age.
As part of the extension, a building with a T-shaped layout, consisting of a basement, a ground floor and four storeys has been built on the garden side of the road in front of the hotel, accommodating the Mother and Child Centre, the Cardiovascular Centre, the pulmonology and the otolaryngology departments. Above the promenade in front of the hotel building, a new central foyer has been constructed at the height of the first floor. From here, all the buildings of the hospital complex are accessible through roofed and walled routes. The foyer is accessible on a moving sidewalk encased in a new steel and glass building, starting at the main entrance. Disabled people can get to the foyer by elevators located at the reception area of the ground floor.
The following developments have been implemented in the different buildings: the pathology department of the hospital has been working on the ground floor in the building of diagnostics since its construction in 1980. The relocation of the Izsáki Road site also required the extension and the reconstruction of the pathology department. New digital X-ray and MR equipment have been installed, within the framework of the modernization program of the medical imaging diagnostics unit, on the first and the second floor of the building. Besides the replacement of the medical equipment, these premises have also been refurbished together with their electric and mechanical systems. The cytodiagnostics department, the isotope laboratory, the EEG- and ultrasound examination rooms, the digital X-ray with two rooms, as well as the blood and urine test laboratory have been relocated from Izsáki Road to the newly constructed third floor of the polyclinic. The enlarged building fully meets the diagnostic needs of out-patients. The main gate building of the hospital complex on Nyíri Street has lost its original role. The gas meter and the new transformers and aggregators providing the increased energy supply of the buildings have been reinstalled here. The new main gate lives up to the prestige of the institute. A hospital complex of the size of a small town has been built on a former marshland and it still has areas in reserve for later developments.
There are only a few architects who have had the opportunity to design every development of an establishment for almost forty years – as it has been done in the case of the county hospital – experiencing and monitoring the process. Construction technology has fundamentally changed during these years, new materials and structures have appeared, allowing significantly more flexible designing possibilities. The architect professedly paid attention to preserve the uniform architectural image of the hospital in all stages of the design, together with all the advantages which had been formulated in the first award-winning construction, such as the roofed and walled connection between the buildings.
In 1980, following ministerial instructions, the elevations were constructed using pre-fabricated building panels made by a new factory in Kecskemét. Now, in contrast, the well-insulated elevations have large glass surfaces with sun protection, reflecting the modern technical standards. The rearrangement of the main entrances, the walkways with trees and benches, the materials used inside and outside as well as the colours are intended to strengthen and support the humane ambience, timelessness and the prestige of the public building. Buildings constructed of pre-fabricated panels – if externally refurbished, fitted with energy-saving thermal insulation and regularly maintained – may serve the health care of the county’s population for several decades. The hospital – with these dimensions – is a hazardous business. Its ”subjects” are humans who must be cured by all possible means. This objective is served by our development concept.