University of Szeged, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Clinical Centre – Emergency Department – Extention: Bridge for Ambulance and Helicopter Landing Tower

Location: Szeged, Semmelweis utca 6.

Date of completion: 2014

Architect: MAROSI Miklós

Associate architect: ÁCS István

Interior designer: SCHINAGL Gábor


The building of the 410 bed clinic was completed in 1989, but it is still called New Clinic up to this day. The Emergency Depart­ment was established in 2007 by the partial extension and interior conversion of the clinic’s ground floor, funded by the EU’s Pole program. It is accessed from the new central entrance, protected by a steel and glass roof. The development of the Emergency Department – besides the interior conversions – necessitated the construction of new areas closely related to the department, such as an ambulance drive-way among ­others. The constructions and conversions had to be completed during the continuous operation of the clinic.

The dilapidated bridge for the ambulance traffic was demolished and a new annex was built on its foundation, where the new department was optimally developed. Its apperance is in harmony with the typical brick architecture of the clinical block. The helicopter landing tower is a characteristic compon­ent of the complex, a nicely formed construction of architectural engineering. The Emergency Department is working 24 hours a day, its primary task is to attend inpatients and outpatients who need critical care as quickly, professionally and efficiently as possible. Injured people arrive on their own, by ambulance or by air ambulance at the central unit, where the doctors of the Emergency Department receive them. All the medical specialists who are involved in critical care can be reached from here. There is a separate staircase in order to facili­tate the quick communication of the staff between the street and the floors on foot without using the elevators.

Patients arriving by ambulance are taken by high-perform­ance elevators from the street level to the department. The ambulance drive-way is protected by a steel and glass roof. The circular helicopter landing is supported by the walls of the elevator shaft emerging above the roof. Trauma patients are moved by a special lift to the entrance level of the elevator, then to the dispatcher desk of the reception “gate” on the mez­zanine. After the first check-up and an immediate life-­saving intervention, the patients can be quickly carried through a new corridor which connects the wings of the building, separ­ated from the traffic of the outpatients to other medical, treatment, observation and hospital rooms. Mobile outpatients enter a separate large and well-lit waiting room with a “quick emptying” function, where the patient’s condition is quickly checked and they are sent to the adequate departments. They are informed and professionally directed by a 24 hour dispatcher desk installed at the passage coming from the central aula. Outpatients may use separate bathrooms and toilets for men, women and disabled persons. The staff has a sufficient number of changing rooms, restrooms and working rooms, which are adequately equipped. There are storerooms in the required number and size (clean clothes, pharmaceuticals, sterile materials, etc.) and stockrooms (cleaning materials, laundry, normal and hazardous waste). There is a separate detoxication unit for men and women with its own surveillance and ad equately sized sanitary blocks. The separate children’s unit is accessible through another entrance.