The worldwide spread of large shopping malls, built on the outskirts of the cities, seems to have stopped, the commercial companies try to be closer to their customers. Active urban commercial spaces, shopping passages have been developed and they have become new centers in the residential areas. We wanted to create something similar on the border of two different residential communities, to set an example for the other problematic areas of the city. Our design was the improved version of the winning design of the architectural competition in 2012, and it had got much publicity after winning the 2012 MEDIA Prize.
There was a very dilapidated commercial building on the plot. The XIII. District Council of Budapest decided to revitalize this special site, located on the border of a large housing estate and a suburb of detached houses. The proposed building is a spatial composition of a wedge-shaped building (basement + ground floor + 5 floors) and a green „hill” accommodating commercial functions. The passage between the two volumes, becoming narrower, then widening into a square, divides the plot diagonally, providing a shortcut between Tüzér and Kassák streets. It is a meeting point, an area for various open-air activities. The „hill” is a popular play area for children all year, its low gradient makes it safe even for toddlers, its position is ideal for sunbathing. The size of the landscaped area is significant in the green belt of the city.
There are commercial units, district medical services and residential areas in the building. Parking for 100 cars is provided in the basement, different storage rooms and mechanical areas are also located there. The passage, on ground level, divides the complex into two volumes. The one story high hill surrounds a supermarket and a few smaller shops. The building on the opposite side of the passage is 5 stories high, containing shops and service businesses of different size, including 4 district doctor’s surgeries on its two lower floors. These areas open to a central aula, with a pair of glass elevators providing access between them. The area requirement of the tennants is completely fulfilled on these two floors, the dividing walls can be built in many arrangements, similarly to the malls. Both parts of the complex are connected to the basement parking area with elevators. There are apartments on the 2nd to 4th floors, surrounding a central, ventilated courtyard covered with glass roof. There are 11 apartments on each floor, 33 altogether.
The building has in-situ reinforced concrete strucure, with external main walls and internal columns. The outer covering of the building is a combination of concrete sandwich panels with lustrous STO finish, SCHÜCO-system aluminium+glass curtain wall panels and portals. The solid surfaces of the retaining wall encircling the hill also have STO finish and cantilevered steps provide access to the hill.
Location: Budapest XIII., Klapka utca 17-19. Built: 2018 Architect: MAROSI Miklós Associate architects: RABIE Anisz, SEBŐ István, HÓDOSI Dániel, DÁNYÁDI Áron, SÜVEGES Adél Area: 10,100 m²