SAINT BORBÁLA HOSPITAL, TATABÁNYA – OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY PAVILION, CENTRAL BLOCK RECONSTRUCTION AND EXTENSION
Architect: PÁLYI Gábor
The combination of three different EU projects resulted in an up-to-date, well-equipped and well-functioning complex of hospital buildings, with a concentration of active beds, connected to the pavilion built seventeen years earlier. The the exterior and interiorappearance of therefurbished and the new wings, the irregular geometry of the facades and their vividly coloured decorative stripes are consistent with each other.
For a long time, the inhabitants of Tatabánya had wished to have a hospital concentrated on one site, instead of three dispersed and inefficiently working units. In phase one of the development, the hospital unit of the old town was replaced and its functions were taken over by a new 200-bed pavilion, built on the central site. The pavilion accommodates the obstetrics, gynecology, neonatology, pediatric, pediatric intensive care and otolaryngology departments, including their specialist clinics. Due to the characteristics of the available area, the access directions and the separated entrances, the four story building consists of two straight-line blocks at 120 degree angle to each other and a curved block which connects them. Some people in Tatabánya thought to recognize the mythic, eagle-like turul bird, well-known symbol of the town, in this form. There is a four story high lobby at the centre of the building. The nursing units and the functional departments, located in the two straight-line and the curved wings, have their own internal connections, separate from the visitor and service traffic. A tunnel has been built in the basement and a bridge on the second floor of the building to connect it to the neighbouring building, where diagnostic units are located. The building has a simple grey and white rendered façade. According to the original concept, only the middle curved wing was supposed to have a high roof, the straight wings were originally designed with flat roofs. However, the design program was changed during the construction design phase and the straight-line blocks were completed with administrative and education wings and an attic. In the nursing units of the straight-line wings, the sanitary blocks are located in front of the two and four bed wards. The dining and day room, the nurse room and a kitchenette for the nurses are situated at the junction of the curved and the straight-line wings. The day room of the pediatric department is decorated by a ten square metre large, cheerful, glazed ceramic wall picture, painted by Kornél Zámbó. Originally, all the departments would have had similar artistic decorations, but they were not executed. The interior colours are bright, the white walls are interspersed with blue and green tones, they reappear on the doors, windows and the flooring as well.
The second phase of the hospital development was the establishment of a new central block, which was incorporated into three different EU projects. The first project included the façade renovation of the existing hospital pavilion designed by Boross Zoltán and the rationalization of its energy supply system. The new façade was formed so that it could be adjusted to the later construction stages. The second project was the extension of the building by two wings, the interior of the existing wings were refurbished and partly rearranged as well. These works affected the operating theatre block, the intensive care unit, the CT, MR and X-ray rooms among others. The third project was the establishment of an emergency care unit. This unit can function on its own, but also has direct connection to the operating theatre and intensive care units. The emergency care unit has got a new medical helicopter landing place as well.
The new central hospital block accomodates the surgery and internal medicine departments. Four wings open from the central access block, with three-bed wards on the upper floors.
The admission desk and the outpatient clinics are located on the ground floor, the operating theatres, the intensive care units and the coronary care unit are on the first floor. The basement has ground level entrance and the new diagnostic imaging unit, located here, has separate internal hospital and outpatient routes. The central pharmacy, also located here, serves all the departments of the hospital. There is an underground corridor in the basement and another, bridge-like one on the second floor providing controlled connection to the adjacent building.
When designing the exterior and interior image of the nursing units, the main goal was to introduce a sense of cosiness and relaxation into the tense atmosphere of hospital care. This goal is served by the simple, white plastered façade, the irregular geometry of the grey windows and the decorative strips of vivid colours. The colours in the interior are light and neutral, but they are complemented by different strong colours, assigned to the special functions, on each floor.
Location: Tatabánya, Dózsa György utca 77.
OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY PAVILION Built: 1998 Architect: PÁLYI Gábor Associate architects: HAVRÁN Judit, KOVÁCS Sarolta Interior architect: LÁNG Judit Area: 12,000 m²
CENTRAL BLOCK RECONSTRUCTION AND EXTENSION Built: 2015 Architects: PÁLYI Gábor, VARGHA Júlia Associate architect: LABÁDI Zoltán Interior architect: KERECSÉNYI Zsuzsa Landscape architect: HAVASSY Gabriella Area: 12,000 m²